GeoIP2 City and Country CSV Databases

In addition to our MaxMind DB binary format, we also offer GeoIP2 databases in a CSV format suitable for importing into a SQL database. This documentation details the format of those CSV files. The CSV files are shipped as a single zip file.

IP Geolocation Usage

IP geolocation is inherently imprecise. Locations are often near the center of the population. Any location provided by a GeoIP database should not be used to identify a particular address or household.

Zip File

The zip file itself is named {Product}-{Content}-CSV_latest.zip. The {Product} is either “GeoIP2” or “GeoLite2”. The {Content} refers to the particular product name, such as “City” or “Country”. For the city subset by continent databases, the {Content} is one of “City-Africa”, “City-Asia-Pacific”, “City-Europe”, “City-North-America”, or “City-South-America”.

The downloaded zip file contains a single directory which in turn contains four files. That directory is named {Product}-{Content}-CSV_{YYYYMMDD}.zip. The files are LICENSE.txt, COPYRIGHT.txt, {Product}-{Content}-Blocks.csv, and {Product}-{Content}-Location.csv.

CSV File Format

All the CSV files start with a single header row containing column names. The specific column names and their contents are detailed below. The files are encoded as UTF-8.

Blocks Files

There are two CSV files for network blocks, one each for IPv4 and IPv6 blocks. These files are named {Product}-{Content}-Blocks-IPv4.csv and {Product}-{Content}-Blocks-IPv6.csv respectively. An example name would be “GeoIP2-City-Blocks-IPv4.csv”.

City subset by continent databases blocks files have the same columns as the City database.

Included in …
Name Type Description Country? City?
network IP network as a string This is the IPv4 or IPv6 network in CIDR format such as “2.21.92.0/29” or “2001:4b0::/80”. We offer a utility to convert this column to start/end IPs or start/end integers. See the conversion utility section for details.
geoname_id integer A unique identifier for the network’s location as specified by GeoNames. This ID can be used to look up the location information in the Location file.
registered_country_geoname_id integer The registered country is the country in which the ISP has registered the network. This column contains a unique identifier for the network’s registered country as specified by GeoNames. This ID can be used to look up the location information in the Location file.
represented_country_geoname_id integer The represented country is the country which is represented by users of the IP address. For instance, the country represented by an overseas military base. This column contains a unique identifier for the network’s registered country as specified by GeoNames. This ID can be used to look up the location information in the Location file.
is_anonymous_proxy boolean Deprecated. Please see our GeoIP2 Anonymous IP database to determine whether the IP address is used by an anonymizing service.
is_satellite_provider boolean Deprecated. Please see our GeoIP2 Anonymous IP database.
postal_code string The postal code associated with the IP address. These are available for some IP addresses in Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom, and the US. We return the first 3 characters for Canadian postal codes. We return the the first 2-4 characters (outward code) for postal codes in the United Kingdom.
latitude decimal The approximate latitude of the postal code, city, subdivision or country associated with the IP address.*
longitude decimal The approximate longitude of the postal code, city, subdivision or country associated with the IP address.*
accuracy_radius integer The approximate accuracy radius, in kilometers, around the latitude and longitude for the geographical entity (country, subdivision, city or postal code) associated with the IP address. We have a 67% confidence that the location of the end-user falls within the area defined by the accuracy radius and the latitude and longitude coordinates.
* The coordinates are not precise and should not be used to identify a particular street address or household. To better represent a level of accuracy, please include the accuracy_radius when displaying latitude and longitude and make it clear that the coordinates refer to a larger geographical area instead of a precise location.

Locations Files

The zip file includes one location file for each locale code for which data is available. There will always be an “en” file. The other possible locales are “de”, “es”, “fr”, “ja”, “pt-BR”, “ru”, and “zh-CN”. Depending on the data available for a given GeoIP2 data set, we may not include all of these locales.

These files are named {Product}-{Content}-Locations-{locale}.csv. An example name would be “GeoIP2-City-Locations-en.csv”.

City subset by continent databases locations files have the same columns as the City database.

Included in …
Name Type Description Country? City?
geoname_id integer A unique identifier for the a location as specified by GeoNames. This ID can be used as a key for the Location file.
locale_code string The locale that the names in this row are in. This will always correspond to the locale name of the file.
continent_code string (2)

The continent code for this location. Possible codes are:

  • AF – Africa
  • AN – Antarctica
  • AS – Asia
  • EU – Europe
  • NA – North America
  • OC – Oceania
  • SA – South America
continent_name string The continent name for this location in the file’s locale.
country_iso_code string (2) A two-character ISO 3166-1 country code for the country associated with the location.
country_name string The country name for this location in the file’s locale.
subdivision_1_iso_code string (1-3) A string of up to three characters containing the region-portion of the ISO 3166-2 code for the first level region associated with the IP address. Some countries have two levels of subdivisions, in which case this is the least specific. For example, in the United Kingdom this will be a country like “England”, not a county like “Devon”.
subdivision_1_name string The subdivision name for this location in the file’s locale. As with the subdivision code, this is the least specific subdivision for the location.
subdivision_2_iso_code string (1-3) A string of up to three characters containing the region-portion of the ISO 3166-2 code for the second level region associated with the IP address. Some countries have two levels of subdivisions, in which case this is the most specific. For example, in the United Kingdom this will be a a county like “Devon”, not a country like “England”.
subdivision_2_name string The subdivision name for this location in the file’s locale. As with the subdivision code, this is the most specific subdivision for the location.
city_name string The city name for this location in the file’s locale.
metro_code integer The metro code associated with the IP address. These are only available for networks in the US. MaxMind provides the same metro codes as used by DoubleClick.
time_zone string The time zone associated with location, as specified by the IANA Time Zone Database, e.g., “America/New_York”.

Returned Values as Database, Map, Dict, or Hash Keys

We strongly discourage you from using a value from any *_name field as a key in a database or map/dict/hash data structure.

These names may change between releases. Instead we recommend using one of the following:

Data object Recommended key
city geoname_id
continent continent_code
country country_iso_code
postal postal_code
subdivisions subdivision_{1,2}_iso_code

Conversion Utility

We’ve created a small utility program to allow you to convert a GeoIP2 CSV file’s representation of IP addresses to another format. You can choose between start/end IP addresses, with the addresses represented as strings or integers.

The program is available from our geoip2-csv-converter GitHub project releases tab.